Deposit Insurance Assessments
Newly insured institutions are defined as any bank or thrift that has been chartered for less than five years as of the last day of any quarter for which it is being assessed. There are three exceptions to the newly insured definition as found in Section 327.8 and include certain merger situations, subsidiary exceptions, and previously federally insured credit unions. All other newly insured institutions are assessed as outlined below (see Section 327.9).
FDIC Risk Rating - Small Institutions
A small institution is an institution under $10 billion in assets. Any new small institution in Risk Category I, regardless of whether it has CAMELS component ratings or not, is assessed at the maximum initial base assessment rate applicable to Risk Category I institutions. Invoicing at the maximum initial base assessment rate for a Risk Category I newly insured small institution continues for five years at the end of which time the institution becomes an established small institution. For example, an institution that became insured on December 15, 2016, and remained in Risk Category I, would pay at the maximum initial base assessment rate through and including invoice payment date December 30, 2021.
The following also apply to newly insured small institutions:
- no new institution, regardless of risk category, is subject to the unsecured debt adjustment;
- any new institution, regardless of risk category, is subject to the depository institution debt adjustment (DIDA); and
- a new institution in Risk Categories II, III or IV is subject to the brokered deposit adjustment.
FDIC Risk Rating - Large & Highly Complex Institutions
A large institution is generally defined as an institution with assets of $10 billion or more. A highly complex institution (excluding a credit card bank) has total assets of $50 billion or more and is controlled by a U.S. parent holding company that has $500 billion or more in total assets. Any newly insured institution that meets the requirements of a large or highly complex institution will be priced using the appropriate scorecard. Until a newly insured large or highly complex institution receives its first CAMELS rating, a weighted average CAMELS rating of 2.0 is used in the institution’s scorecard. Once a CAMELS rating is assigned, that CAMELS rating will be applied.
The following also apply to newly insured large and highly complex institutions:
- no new large or highly complex institution is subject to the unsecured debt adjustment;
- any new large or highly complex institution is subject to the depository institution debt adjustment (DIDA);
- a new large or highly complex institution less than well capitalized or CAMELS composite 3, 4, or 5 is subject to the brokered deposit adjustment
All insured institutions are obligated to pay the FICO assessment. The FICO assessment rate is set quarterly and applied to the assessment base. All insured institutions pay the same FICO rate each quarter, that is, the FICO rate is not dependent on Risk Classification.
Newly insured institutions are assessed beginning with the quarter in which they become insured. For example:
|Date new institution becomes insured:||June 1|
|First Report of Condition filed for quarter ending:||June 30|
|First invoice due and payable||September 30|
|Insurance coverage period of first invoice||April 1 through June 30*|
* A pro-rata adjustment is applied to the initial invoice so a new institution is only charged for the number of days it is open in its first quarter.
All new institutions must register a coordinator on FDICconnect (“FCX”). Registration is handled through the FCX Helpdesk. Once a coordinator is registered and approved, he or she must provide the FDIC with ACH information that will be used to collect the quarterly invoice amount due for deposit insurance. The coordinator will download the invoice each quarter from FCX.
Information and Assistance
- Questions on risk ratings for newly insured institutions: Contact the Risk Related Premium Unit at 800-759-6596, Option 1, or email RRPSAdministrator@fdic.gov.
- Questions on invoicing of newly insured institutions:
Contact the Assessments Section at 800-759-6596, Option 2, or email firstname.lastname@example.org.