Press Conference Statement
Andrew C. Hove, Jr.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
on the release of the
Quarterly Banking Profile
Second Quarter, 1997
September 11, 1997
The numbers, graphs, and charts you have before you this
morning show that the strong economy continues to help the
commercial banking industry report record profits. Income in the
second quarter was $14.6 billion -- a $154 million improvement
over the record the industry set in the first quarter. In the
first six months of 1997, banks earned $29.1 billion, a $3.6
billion improvement over the first half of 1996 -- or an increase
of more than 14 percent. If banks maintain this pace, they will
surpass 1996's full-year earnings record of $52.4 billion.
Return on assets (ROA) for the first half of 1997 was 1.25
percent, up from 1.18 percent in the first half of 1996.
The commercial banking industry never earned more than $10
billion in a single quarter until the first quarter of l993. We
have enjoyed 18 consecutive quarters -- four-and-a-half years --
where quarterly profits have exceeded $10 billion -- and ROAs
have exceeded one percent.
The strong results in the second quarter of 1997 in large
part resulted from a surge in lending growth. Loan growth, in
turn, was led by commercial and industrial loans. Lending to
small and to large businesses has increased steadily in recent
years -- and, in fact, during the last 12 months the rate of
growth in lending to small businesses has been higher than the
rate of growth of lending to large businesses.
The profitability of one segment of the industry, however,
has eroded significantly over time -- and it dropped sharply in
the second quarter. Three years ago specialized credit card
lenders had ROAs more than three times that of all other insured
commercial banks. In the second quarter, their ROAs were
virtually the same as the ROAs of all other commercial banks.
These are institutions where total loans are more than half
of total assets and where credit card loans are more than half
of total loans. Today there are 74 of these institutions.
Together, they account for more than two-thirds of all credit-card loans held
by commercial banks.
Thirty-five of the 74 -- almost half -- reported declining
income in the second quarter. Fourteen credit card banks lost
money in the quarter.
All together, these 35 institutions reported a decline in
income of about $334 million from the first quarter.
We estimate that roughly two-thirds of the decline -- $200
million or more -- was the result of one-time accounting
adjustments and other nonrecurring expenses at a few
institutions. The remaining decline in the second quarter,
however, represents a drop in core profitability -- as reflected
in a rise in charge-offs. Credit-card charge-offs accounted for
two-thirds of all loan charge-offs taken by commercial banks
during the second quarter.
The annualized net charge-off rate on banks' credit-card
loans rose to 5.22 percent in the second quarter, from 4.92
percent in the first quarter and 4.48 percent a year earlier.
This is the highest quarterly charge-off rate for credit-card
loans in the l4 years that banks have reported this information.
In contrast, net charge-off rates on other loan categories were
lower than a year ago.
In addition, the record rate of loss on credit cards
continues to parallel the record level of personal bankruptcy
filings. It has been estimated that bankruptcy accounts for
about half of credit card charge-offs. We continue to monitor
closely the continued parallel rise in both measures -- just as,
through examinations, we continue to monitor the condition of the
specialized credit card banks.
I want to stress that these banks are still profitable and
that we see them posing no immediate short-term threat to the
I also want to stress that this concern does not cast a
shadow on the condition of the commercial banking industry as a
whole. The industry achieved record profits despite the decline
in profits at the specialized credit card banks.
No banks or thrifts failed in the second quarter -- or so
far in the third quarter. We haven't had a bank or thrift
failure since August of 1996. The last time we went 12 months
without a bank failure was the early 1960s -- about 35 years ago.
We have made the information we are releasing today
available on the Internet at www.fdic.gov/databank. In addition, the
Institution Directory on our Web site displays the latest
financial data for individual institutions.
With me today are Don Inscoe, who heads the FDIC Statistics
Branch, and Ross Waldrop, Tim Critchfield, and Jim McFadyen, the
FDIC analysts who put together the Quarterly Banking Profile.