The FDIC administers the Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF) and the FSLIC Resolution Fund (FRF), which fulfills the obligations of the former Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (FSLIC) and the former Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC). The following summarizes the condition of the DIF. (See the accompanying tables on FDIC-Insured Deposits and Insurance Fund Reserve Ratios below.)
The DIF’s comprehensive loss totaled $35.1 billion for 2008 compared to comprehensive income of $2.2 billion for the previous year. As a result, the DIF balance declined from $52.4 billion to $17.3 billion as of December 31, 2008. The year-over-year decrease of $37.3 billion in comprehensive income was primarily due to a $41.7 billion increase in the provision for insurance losses offset in part by a $2.3 billion increase in assessment revenue; a $1.8 billion increase in the unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities; and a $775 million increase in the realized gain on the sale of securities.
The provision for insurance losses was $41.8 billion in 2008. The total provision consists mainly of the provision for future failures ($23.9 billion) and the losses estimated at failure for the 25 resolutions occurring during 2008 ($17.9 billion), the largest of which was the $10.7 billion estimated loss for the IndyMac resolution.
Assessment revenue was $3.0 billion for 2008 compared with $643 million for 2007. This increase of $2.3 billion was mostly due to the reduction in the amount of one-time assessment credits available for use. In 2008, $1.4 billion in one-time credits offset $4.4 billion in gross assessment premiums; whereas in the previous year, $3.1 billion in one-time credits were applied against $3.7 billion in gross assessment premiums.
FDIC-DIF Insured Deposits (estimated 1970-2008)
(Dollars in billions)