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Federal Deposit
Insurance Corporation

Each depositor insured to at least $250,000 per insured bank

FDIC Law, Regulations, Related Acts

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7500 - FRB Regulations


ADMINISTRATION

SEC. 5.  (a)  Within one hundred and eighty days after the date of enactment of this Act, or within one hundred and eighty days after becoming a bank holding company, whichever is later, each bank holding company shall register with the Board on forms prescribed by the Board, which shall include such information with respect to the financial condition and operations, management, and intercompany relationships of the bank holding company and its subsidiaries, and related matters, as the Board may deem necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this Act. The Board may, in its discretion, extend the time within which a bank holding company shall register and file the requisite information. A declaration filed in accordance with section 4(l)(1)(C) shall satisfy the requirements of this subsection with regard to the registration of a bank holding company but not any requirement to file an application to acquire a bank pursuant to section 3.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1844(a)]

[Source:  Section 5(a) of the Act of May 9, 1956 (Pub. L. No. 511; 70 Stat. 137), effective May 9, 1956; as amended by section 116(a) of title I of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1372), effective March 12, 2000]

(b)  REGULATIONS AND ORDERS.--The Board is authorized to issue such regulations and orders including regulations and orders relating to the capital requirements for bank lending companies, as may be necessary to enable it to administer and carry out the purposes of this Act and prevent evasions thereof. In establishing capital regulations pursuant to this subsection, the appropriate Federal banking agency shall seek to make such requirements countercyclical so that the amount of capital required to be maintained by a company increases in times of economic expansion and decreases in times of economic contraction, consistent with the safety and soundness of the company.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1844(b)]

[Source:  Section 5(b) of the Act of May 9, 1956 (Pub. L. No. 511; 70 Stat. 137), effective May 9, 1956; as amended by section 616(a) of title VI of the Act of July 21, 2010 (Pub. L. No. 111--203; 124 Stat. 1615), effective July 21, 2010]

(c)  REPORTS AND EXAMINATION.--

(1)   REPORTS.--

(A)  IN GENERAL.--The Board, from time to time, may require a bank holding company and any subsidiary of such company to submit reports under oath to keep the Board informed as to--

(i)  its financial condition, systems for monitoring and controlling financial and operating risks, and transactions with depository institution subsidiaries of the bank holding company; and

(ii)  compliance by the bank holding company or subsidiary with--

(I)  this Act;

(II)  Federal laws that the Board has specific jurisdiction to enforce against the company or subsidiary; and

(III)  other than in the case of an insured depository institution or functionally regulated subsidiary, any other applicable provision of Federal law.

(B)  USE OF EXISTING REPORTS AND OTHER SUPERVISORY INFORMATION--The Board shall, to the fullest extent possible, use--

(i)  reports and other supervisory information that the bank holding company or any subsidiary thereof has been required to provide to other Federal or State regulatory agencies;

(ii)  externally audited financial statements of the bank holding company or subsidiary;

(iii)  information otherwise available from Federal or State Regulatory agencies; and

(iv)  information that is otherwise required to be reported publicly.

(C)  AVAILABILITY.--Upon the request of the Board, the bank holding company or a subsidiary of the bank holding company shall promptly provide to the Board any information described in clauses (i) through (iii) of subparagraph (B).

(2)  EXAMINATIONS--

(A)  IN GENERAL--Subject to subtitle B of the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010, the Board may make examinations of a bank holding company and each subsidiary of a bank holding company in order to--

(i)  inform the Board of--

(I)  the nature of the operations and financial condition of the bank holding company and the subsidiary;

(II)  the financial, operational, and other risks within the bank holding company system that may pose a threat to--

(aa)  the safety and soundness of the bank holding company or of any depository institution subsidiary of the bank holding company; or

(bb)  the stability of the financial system of the United States; and

(III)  the systems of the bank holding company for monitoring and controlling the risks described in subclause (II); and

(ii)  monitor the compliance of the bank holding company and the subsidiary with--

(I)  this Act;

(II)  Federal laws that the Board has specific jurisdiction to enforce against the company or subsidiary; and

(III)  other than in the case of an insured depository institution or functionally regulated subsidiary, any other applicable provisions of Federal law.

(B)  USE OF REPORTS TO REDUCE EXAMINATIONS.--For purposes of this paragraph, the Board shall, to the fullest extent possible, rely on--

(i)  examination reports made by other Federal or State regulatory agencies relating to a bank holding company and any subsidiary of a bank holding company; and

(ii)  the reports and other information required under paragraph (1).

(C)  COORDINATION WITH OTHER REGULATORS.--The Board shall--

(i)  provide reasonable notice to, and consult with, the appropriate Federal banking agency, the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, or State regulatory agency, as appropriate, for a subsidiary that is a depository institution or a functionally regulated subsidiary of a bank holding company before commencing an examination of the subsidiary under this section; and

"(ii)  to the fullest extent possible, avoid duplication of examination activities, reporting requirements, and requests for information.".

(3)  CAPITAL.--

(A)  IN GENERAL.--The Board may not, by regulation, guideline, order, or otherwise, prescribe or impose any capital or capital adequacy rules, guidelines, standards, or requirements on any functionally regulated subsidiary of a bank holding company that--

(i)  is not a depository institution; and

(ii)  is--

(I)  in compliance with the applicable capital requirements of its Federal regulatory authority (including the Securities and Exchange Commission) or State insurance authority;

(II)  properly registered as an investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, or with any State; or

(III)  is licensed as an insurance agent with the appropriate State insurance authority.

(B)  RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.--Subparagraph (A) shall not be construed as preventing the Board from imposing capital or capital adequacy rules, guidelines, standards, or requirements with respect to--

(i)  activities of a registered investment adviser other than with respect to investment advisory activities or activities incidental to investment advisory activities; or

(ii)  activities of a licensed insurance agent other than insurance agency activities or activities incidental to insurance agency activities.

(C)  LIMITATIONS ON INDIRECT ACTION.--In developing, establishing, or assessing bank holding company capital or capital adequacy rules, guidelines, standards, or requirements for purposes of this paragraph, the Board may not take into account the activities, operations, or investments of an affiliated investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, unless the investment company is--

(i)  a bank holding company; or

(ii)  controlled by a bank holding company by reason of ownership by the bank holding company (including through all of its affiliates) of 25 percent or more of the shares of the investment company, and the shares owned by the bank holding company have a market value equal to more than $1,000,000.

(4)  FUNCTIONAL REGULATION OF SECURITIES AND INSURANCE ACTIVITIES.--

(A)  SECURITIES ACTIVITIES.--Securities activities conducted in a functionally regulated subsidiary of a depository institution shall be subject to regulation by the Securities and Exchange Commission, and by relevant State securities authorities, as appropriate, subject to section 104 of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, to the same extent as if they were conducted in a nondepository institution subsidiary of a bank holding company.

(B)  INSURANCE ACTIVITIES.--Subject to section 104 of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, insurance agency and brokerage activities and activities as principal conducted in a functionally regulated subsidiary of a depository institution shall be subject to regulation by a State insurance authority to the same extent as if they were conducted in a nondepository institution subsidiary of a bank holding company.

(5)  Definition.--For purposes of this subsection, the term "functionally regulated subsidiary" means any company--

(A)  that is not a bank holding company or a depository institution; and

(B)  that is--

(i)  a broker or dealer that is registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934;

(ii)  a registered investment adviser, properly registered by or on behalf of either the Securities and Exchange Commission or any State, with respect to the investment advisory activities of such investment adviser and activities incidental to such investment advisory activities;

(iii)  an investment company that is registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940;

(iv)  an insurance company, with respect to insurance activities of the insurance company and activities incidental to such insurance activities, that is subject to supervision by a State insurance regulator; or

(v)  an entity that is subject to regulation by, or registration with, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, with respect to activities conducted as a futures commission merchant, commodity trading adviser, commodity pool, commodity pool operator, swap execution facility, swap data repository, swap dealer, major swap participant, and activities that are incidental to such commodities and swaps activities.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1844(c)]

[Source: Section 5(c) of the Act of May 9, 1956 (Pub. L. No. 511), as added by section 111 of title I of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1362), effective March 12, 2000; as amended by sections 604(a), (b), and (c)(1) of title VI of the Act of July 21, 2010 (Pub. L. No. 111--203; 124 Stat. 1599, 1600, and 1601), effective July 21, 2010]

(d)  REPORTS TO THE CONGRESS; RECOMMENDATIONS.--Before the expiration of two years following the date of enactment of this Act, and each year thereafter in the Board's annual report to the Congress, the Board shall report to the Congress the results of the administration of this Act, stating what, if any, substantial difficulties have been encountered in carrying out the purposes of this Act, and any recommendations as to changes in the law which in the opinion of the Board would be desirable.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1844(d)]

[Source:  Section 5(d) of the Act of May 9, 1956 (Pub. L. No. 511, 70 Stat. 137), effective May 9, 1956]

(e)  TERMINATION OF ACTIVITIES OF OWNERSHIP OR CONTROL OF NONBANK SUBSIDIARIES CONSTITUTING SERIOUS RISK.--(1)  Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the Board may, whenever it has reasonable cause to believe that the continuation by a bank holding company of any activity or of ownership or control of any of its nonbank subsidiaries, other than a nonbank subsidiary of a bank, constitutes a serious risk to the financial safety, soundness, or stability of a bank holding company subsidiary bank and is inconsistent with sound banking principles or with the purposes of this Act or with the Financial Institutions Supervisory Act of 1966, at election of the bank holding company--

(A)  order the bank holding company or any such nonbank subsidiaries, after due notice and opportunity for hearing, and after considering the views of the bank's primary supervisor, which shall be the Comptroller of the Currency in the case of a national bank or the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the appropriate State supervisory authority in the case of an insured nonmember bank, to terminate such activities or to terminate (within one hundred and twenty days or such longer period as the Board may direct in unusual circumstances) its ownership or control of any such subsidiary either by sale or by distribution of the shares of the subsidiary to the shareholders of the bank holding company; or

(B)  order the bank holding company, after due notice and opportunity for hearing, and after consultation with the primary supervisor for the bank, which shall be the Comptroller of the Currency in the case of a national bank, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the appropriate State supervisor in the case of an insured nonmember bank, to terminate (within 120 days or such longer period as the Board may direct) the ownership or control of any such bank by such company.

The distribution referred to in subparagraph A shall be pro rata with respect to all of the shareholders of the distributing bank holding company, and the holding company shall not make any charge to its shareholders arising out of such a distribution.

(2)  The Board may in its discretion apply to the United States district court within the jurisdiction of which the principal office of the holding company is located, for the enforcement of any effective and outstanding order issued under this section, and such court shall have jurisdiction and power to order and require compliance therewith, but except as provided in section 9 of this Act, no court shall have jurisdiction to affect by injunction or otherwise the issuance or enforcement of any notice or order under this section, or to review, modify, suspend, terminate, or set aside any such notice or order.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1844(e)]

[Source:  Section 5(e) of the Act of May 9, 1956 (Pub. L. No. 511), as added by section 105(a) of title I of the Act of November 10, 1978 (Pub. L. No. 95--630; 92 Stat. 3646), effective March 10, 1979; as amended by section 116(b) of title I of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1372), effective March 12, 2000]

(f)  POWERS OF BOARD RESPECTING APPLICATIONS, EXAMINATIONS, OR OTHER PROCEEDINGS.--In the course of or in connection with an application, examination, investigation or other proceeding under this Act, the Board, or any member or designated representative thereof, including any person designated to conduct any hearing under this Act, shall have the power to administer oaths and affirmations, to take or cause to be taken depositions, and to issue, revoke, quash, or modify subpoenas and subpoenas duces tecum; and the Board is empowered to make rules and regulations to effectuate the purposes of this subsection. The attendance of witnesses and the production of documents provided for in this subsection may be required from any place in any State or in any territory or other place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States at any designated place where such proceeding is being conducted. Any party to proceedings under this Act may apply to the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, or the United States district court for the judicial district or the United States court in any territory in which such proceeding is being conducted or where the witness resides or carries on business, for the enforcement of any subpoena or subpoena duces tecum issued pursuant to this subsection, and such courts shall have jurisdiction and power to order and require compliance therewith. Witnesses subpoenaed under this subsection shall be paid the same fees and mileage that are paid witnesses in the district courts of the United States. Any service required under this subsection may be made by registered mail, or in such other manner reasonably calculated to give actual notice as the Board may by regulation or otherwise provide. Any court having jurisdiction of any proceeding instituted under this subsection may allow to any such party such reasonable expenses and attorneys' fees as it deems just and proper. Any person who willfully shall fail or refuse to attend and testify or to answer any lawful inquiry or to produce books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, contracts, agreements, or other records, if in such person's power so to do, in obedience to the subpoena of the Board, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be subject to a fine of not more than $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year or both.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1844(f)]

[Source:  Section 5(f) of the Act of May 9, 1956 (Pub. L. No. 511), as added by section 106(b) of title I of the Act of November 10, 1978 (Pub. L. No. 95--630; 92 Stat. 3648), effective March 10, 1979; section 354(3) of title III of the Act of July 21, 2010 (Pub. L. No. 111--203; 124 Stat. 1541), effective July 21, 2010]

(g)  AUTHORITY OF STATE INSURANCE REGULATOR AND THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any regulation, order, or other action of the Board that requires a bank holding company to provide funds or other assets to a subsidiary depository institution shall not be effective nor enforceable with respect to an entity described in subparagraph (A) if--

(A)  such funds or assets are to be provided by--

(i)  a bank holding company that is an insurance company, a broker or dealer registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, or an investment adviser registered by or on behalf of either the Securities and Exchange Commission or any State; or

(ii)  an affiliate of the depository institution that is an insurance company or a broker or dealer registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, or an investment adviser registered by or on behalf of either the Securities and Exchange Commission or any State; and

(B)  the State insurance authority for the insurance company or the Securities and Exchange Commission for the registered broker, dealer, investment adviser (solely with respect to investment advisory activities or activities incidental thereto), or investment company, as the case may be, determines in writing sent to the holding company and the Board that the holding company shall not provide such funds or assets because such action would have a material adverse effect on the financial condition of the insurance company or the broker, dealer, investment company, or investment adviser, as the case may be.

(2)  NOTICE TO STATE INSURANCE AUTHORITY OR SEC REQUIRED.--If the Board requires a bank holding company, or an affiliate of a bank holding company, that is an insurance company or a broker, dealer, investment company, or investment adviser described in paragraph (1)(A) to provide funds or assets to a depository institution subsidiary of the holding company pursuant to any regulation, order, or other action of the Board referred to in paragraph (1), the Board shall promptly notify the State insurance authority for the insurance company, the Securities and Exchange Commission, or State securities regulator, as the case may be, of such requirement.

(3)  DIVESTITURE IN LIEU OF OTHER ACTION.--If the Board receives a notice described in paragraph (1)(B) from a State insurance authority or the Securities and Exchange Commission with regard to a bank holding company or affiliate referred to in that paragraph, the Board may order the bank holding company to divest the depository institution not later than 180 days after receiving the notice, or such longer period as the Board determines consistent with the safe and sound operation of the depository institution.

(4)  CONDITIONS BEFORE DIVESTITURE.--During the period beginning on the date an order to divest is issued by the Board under paragraph (3) to a bank holding company and ending on the date the divestiture is completed, the Board may impose any conditions or restrictions on the holding company's ownership or operation of the depository institution, including restricting or prohibiting transactions between the depository institution and any affiliate of the institution, as are appropriate under the circumstances.

(5)  RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.--No provision of this subsection may be construed as limiting or otherwise affecting, except to the extent specifically provided in this subsection, the regulatory authority, including the scope of the authority, of any Federal agency or department with regard to any entity that is within the jurisdiction of such agency or department.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1844(g)]

12-29-12>

[Section 5(g) of the Act of May 9, 1956 (Pub. L. No. 511), as added by section 112(a) of title I of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1366), effective March 12, 2000]

BORROWING BY BANK HOLDING COMPANY OR ITS SUBSIDIARIES

SEC. 6.  [Repealed]

[Source:  Section 6 of the Act of May 9, 1956 (Pub. L. No. 511; 70 Stat. 137), effective May 9, 1956, repealed by section 9 of the Act of July 1, 1966 (Pub. L. No. 89--485, 80 Stat. 240), effective July 1, 1966]


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