2000 - Rules and Regulations
PART 336FDIC EMPLOYEES
Subpart AEmployee Responsibilities and Conduct
Subpart BMinimum Standards of Fitness for Employment With
Authority, purpose and scope.
Subpart COne-Year Restriction on Post-Employment Activities of Senior Examiners
SOURCE: The provisions of this part 336 appear at 61 Fed. Reg. 28728, June 6, 1996, effective July 8, 1996, except as otherwise noted.
Subpart AEmployee Responsibilities and Conduct
Authority:5 U.S.C. 7301; 12 U.S.C. 1819(a).
§ 336.1 Cross-reference to employee ethical conduct standards and financial disclosure regulations.
Employees of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (Corporation) are subject to the Executive Branch-wide Standards of Ethical Conduct at 5 CFR part 2635, the Corporation regulation at 5 CFR part 3201 which supplements the Executive Branch-wide Standards, the Executive Branch-wide financial disclosure regulations at 5 CFR part 2634, and the Corporation regulation at 5 CFR part 3202, which supplements the Executive Branch-wide financial disclosure regulations.
[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 336.1]
Subpart BMinimum Standards of Fitness for Employment With
§ 336.2 Authority, purpose and scope.
(a) Authority. This part is adopted pursuant to section 12(f) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, 12 U.S.C. 1822, and the rulemaking authority of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) found at 12 U.S.C. 1819. This part is in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other statutes or regulations which may apply to standards for ethical conduct or fitness for employment with the FDIC and is consistent with the goals and purposes of 18 U.S.C. 201, 203, 205, 208, and 209.
(b) Purpose. The purpose of this part is to state the minimum standards of fitness and integrity required of individuals who provide service to or on behalf of the FDIC and provide procedures for implementing these requirements.
(c) Scope. (1) This part applies to applicants for employment with the FDIC under title 5 of the U.S. Code appointing authority in either the excepted or competitive service, including Special Government Employees. This part applies to all appointments, regardless of tenure, including intermittent, temporary, time-limited and permanent appointments.
(2) In addition, this part applies to all employees of the FDIC who serve under an appointing authority under chapter 21 of title 5 of the U.S. Code.
(3) Further, this part applies to any individual who, pursuant to a contract or any other arrangement, performs functions or activities of the Corporation, under the direct supervision of an officer or employee of the Corporation.
§ 336.3 Definitions.
For the purposes of this part:
(a) Company means any corporation, firm, partnership, society, joint venture, business trust, association or similar organization, or any other trust unless by its terms it must terminate within twenty-five years or not later than twenty-one years and ten months after the death of individuals living on the effective date of the trust, or any other organization or institution, but shall not include any corporation the majority of the shares of which are owned by the United States, any state, or the District of Columbia.
(b) Control means the power to vote, directly or indirectly, 25 percent or more of any class of the voting stock of a company, the ability to direct in any manner the election of a majority of a company's directors or trustees, or the ability to exercise a controlling influence over the company's management and policies. For purposes of this definition, a general partner of a limited partnership is presumed to be in control of that partnership. For purposes of this part, an entity or individual shall be presumed to have control of a company if the entity or individual directly or indirectly, or acting in concert with one or more entities or individuals, or through one or more subsidiaries, owns or controls 25 percent or more of its equity, or otherwise controls or has power to control its management or policies.
(c) Default on a material obligation means a loan or advance from an insured depository institution which is or was delinquent for 90 or more days as to payment of principal or interest, or any combination thereof.
(d) Employee means any officer or employee, including a liquidation graded or temporary employee, providing service to or on behalf of the FDIC who has been appointed to a position under an authority contained in title 5 of the U.S. Code. This definition excludes those individuals designated by title 5 of the U.S. Code as officials in the Federal Executive Schedule.
(e) Federal banking agency means the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, or the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or their successors.
(f) Federal deposit insurance fund means the Deposit Insurance Fund, the former Bank Insurance Fund, the former Savings Association Insurance Fund, the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (FSLIC) Resolution Trust, or the funds formerly maintained by the Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC), or their successors, for the benefit of insured depositors.
(g) FDIC means the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, in its receivership and corporate capacities.
(h) Insured depository institution means any bank or savings association the deposits of which are insured by the FDIC.
(i) Pattern or practice of defalcation regarding obligations means:
(1) A history of financial irresponsibility with regard to debts owed to insured depository institutions which are in default in excess of $50,000 in the aggregate. Examples of such financial irresponsbility include, without limitation:
(i) Failure to pay a debt or debts totalling more than $50,000 secured by an uninsured property which is destroyed; or
(ii) Abuse of credit cards or incurring excessive debt well beyond the individual's ability to repay resulting in default(s) in excess of $50,000 in the aggregate.
(2) Wrongful refusal to fulfill duties and obligations to insured depository institutions. Examples of such wrongful refusal to fulfill duties and obligations include, without limitation:
(i) Any use of false financial statements;
(iii) Concealing assets from the insured depository institution;
(iv) Any instance of fraud, embezzlement or similar misconduct in connection with an obligation to the insured depository institution; and
(v) Any conduct described in any civil or criminal judgment against an individual for breach of any obligation, contractual or otherwise, or any duty of loyalty or care that the individual owed to an insured depository institution.
(3) Defaults shall not be considered a pattern or practice of defalcation where the defaults are caused by catastrophic events beyond the control of the employee such as death, disability, illness or loss of financial support.
(j) Substantial loss to federal deposit insurance funds. (1) Substantial loss to federal deposit insurance funds means:
(i) A loan or advance from an insured depository institution, which is now owed to the FDIC, RTC, FSLIC or their successors, or any federal deposit insurance fund, that is delinquent for ninety (90) or more days as to payment of principal, interest, or a combination therof and on which there remains a legal obligation to pay an amount in excess of $50,000; or
(ii) A final judgment in excess of $50,000 in favor of any federal deposit insurance fund, the FDIC, RTC, FSLIC, or their successors regardless of whether it becomes forgiven in whole or in part in a bankruptcy proceeding.
(2) For purposes of computing the $50,000 ceiling in paragraphs (j)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section, all delinquent judgments, loans, or advances currently owed the FDIC, RTC, FSLIC or their successors, or any federal deposit insurance fund, shall be aggregated. In no event shall delinquent loans or advances from different insured depository institutions be separately considered.
[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 336.3]
§ 336.4 Minimum standards for appointment to a position with the FDIC.
(a) No person shall become employed on or after June 18, 1994, by the FDIC or otherwise perform any service for or on behalf of the FDIC who has:
(1) Been convicted of any felony;
(2) Been removed from, or prohibited from participating in the affairs of, any insured depository institution pursuant to any final enforcement action by any appropriate federal banking agency;
(3) Demonstrated a pattern or practice of defalcation regarding obligations to insured depository institutions; or
(4) Caused a substantial loss to federal deposit insurance funds.
(b) Prior to an offer of employment, any person applying for employment with the FDIC shall sign a certification of compliance with the minimum standards listed in paragraphs (a)(1) through (4) of this section. In addition, any person applying for employment with the FDIC shall provide as an attachment to the certification any instance in which the applicant, or a company under the applicant's control, defaulted on a material obligation to an insured depository institution within the preceding five years.
(c) Incumbent employees who separate from the FDIC and are subsequently reappointed after a break in service of more than three days are subject to the minimum standards listed in paragraphs (a)(1) though (4) of this section. The former employee is required to submit a new certification statement including attachments, as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, prior to appointment to the new position.
§ 336.5 Minimum standards for employment with the FDIC.
(a) No person who is employed by the FDIC shall continue in employment in any manner whatsoever or perform any service for or on behalf of the FDIC who, beginning June 18, 1994 and thereafter:
(2) Is prohibited from participating in the affairs of any insured depository institution pursuant to any final enforcement action by any appropriate federal banking agency;
(3) Demonstrates a pattern or practice of defalcation regarding obligations to insured depository institution(s); or
(4) Causes a substantial loss to federal deposit insurance funds.
(b) Any noncompliance with the standards listed in paragraphs (a)(1) through (4) of this section is a basis for removal from employment with the FDIC.
§ 336.6 Verfication of compliance.
The FDIC's Division of Administration shall order appropriate investigations as authorized by 12 U.S.C. 1819 and 1822 on newly appointed employees, either prior to or following appointment, to verify compliance with the minimum standards listed under § 336.4(a)(1) through (4).
§ 336.7 Employee responsibility, counseling and distribution of regulation.
(a) Each employee is responsible for being familiar with and complying with the provisions of this part.
(b) The Ethics Counselor shall provide a copy of this part to each new employee within 30 days of initial appointment.
(c) An employee who believes that he or she may not be in compliance with the minimum standards provided under § 336.5(a)(1) through (4), or who receives a demand letter from the FDIC for any reason, shall make a written report of all relevant facts to the Ethics Counselor within ten (10) business days after the employee discovers the possible noncompliance, or after the receipt of a demand letter from the FDIC.
(d) The Ethics Counselor shall provide guidance to employees regarding the appropriate statutes, regulations and corporate policies affecting employee's ethical responsibilities and conduct under this part.
(e) The Ethics Counselor shall provide the Personnel Services Branch with notice of an employee's noncompliance.
§ 336.8 Sanctions and remedial actions.
(a) Any employee found not in compliance with the minimum standards except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section below shall be terminated and prohibited from providing further service for or on behalf of the FDIC in any capacity. No other remedial action is authorized for sanctions for noncompliance.
(b) Any employee found not in compliance with the minimum standards under § 336.5(a)(3) based on financial irresponsibility as defined in § 336.3(i)(1) shall be terminated consistent with applicable procedures and prohibited from providing future services for or on behalf of the FDIC in any capacity, unless the employee brings him or herself into compliance with the minimum standards as provided in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section.
(1) Upon written notification by the Corporation of financial irresponsibility, the employee will be allowed a reasonable period of time to establish an agreement that satisfies the creditor and the FDIC as to resolution of outstanding indebtedness or otherwise resolves the matter to the satisfaction of the FDIC prior to the initiation of a termination action.
(2) As part of the agreement described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, the employee shall provide authority to the creditor to report any violation by the employee of the terms of the agreement directly to the FDIC Ethics Counselor.
[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 336.8]
§ 336.9 Finality of determination.
Any determination made by the FDIC pursuant to this part shall be at the FDIC's sole discretion and shall not be subject to further review.
[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 336.9]
Subpart COne-Year Restriction on Post-Employment Activities of Senior Examiners
§ 336.10 Purpose and scope.
This subpart applies to officers or employees of the FDIC who are subject to the post-employment restrictions set forth in section 10(k) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, 12 U.S.C. 1820(k), and implements those restrictions as they apply to officers and employees of the FDIC.
[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 336.10]
§ 336.11 Definitions.
For purposes of this subpart:
(a) Bank holding company has the meaning given to such term in section 2 of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (12 U.S.C. 1841(a)).
(b) A consultant for an insured depository institution or other company shall include only individuals who work directly on matters for, or on behalf of, such institution or other company.
(c) Control has the meaning given to such term in section 336.3(b), and a foreign bank shall be deemed to control any insured branch of the foreign bank.
(d) Depository institution means any bank or savings association, including a branch of a foreign bank, if such branch is located in the United States.
(e) Foreign bank means any bank or company described in section 8(a) of the International Banking Act of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 3106(a)).
(f) Savings and loan holding company has the meaning given to such term in section 10(a)(1)(D) of the Home Owners' Loan Act (12 U.S.C. 1467a(a)(1)(D)).
(g) A senior examiner for an insured depository institution means an officer or employee of the FDIC--
(1) who has been authorized by the FDIC to conduct examinations or inspections of insured depository institutions on behalf of the FDIC;
(2) who has been assigned continuing, broad, and lead responsibility for the examination or inspection of the institution;
(3) who routinely interacts with officers or employees of the institution or its affiliates; and
(4) whose responsibilities with respect to the institution represent a substantial portion of the FDIC officer or employee's overall responsibilities would not affect the integrity of the Federal Reserve's supervisory program.
[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 336.11]
§ 336.12 One-year post-employment restriction.
(a) Prohibition. An officer or employee of the FDIC who serves as a senior examiner of an insured depository institution for at least 2 months during the last 12 months of that individual's employment with the FDIC may not, within 1 year after the termination date of his or her employment with the FDIC, knowingly accept compensation as an employee, officer, director, or consultant from--
(1) The insured depository institution; or
(2) Any company (including a bank holding company or savings and loan holding company) that controls such institution.
(b) Waivers. The post-employment restrictions in paragraph (a) of this section will not apply to a senior examiner if the FDIC Chairperson certifies in writing and on a case-by case basis that a waiver of the restrictions will not affect the integrity of the FDIC's supervisory program.
(c) Effective Date. The post-employment restrictions in paragraph (a) of this section will not apply to any officer or employee of the FDIC, or any former officer or employee of the FDIC, who ceased to be an officer or employee of the FDIC before December 17, 2005.
[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 336.12]
§ 336.13 Penalties.
(a) Penalties under section 10(k) of the FDI Act. A senior examiner of the FDIC who violates the post-employment restrictions set forth in § 336.12 shall be subject to the following penalties--
(1) An order--
(i) Removing such person from office or prohibiting such person from further participation in the affairs of the relevant insured depository institution or company (including a bank holding company or savings and loan holding company) that controls such institution for a period of up to five years, and
(ii) Prohibiting any further participation by such person, in any manner, in the affairs of any insured depository institution for a period of up to five years; or
(2) A civil monetary penalty of not more than $250,000; or
(b) Enforcement by appropriate Federal banking agency of hiring entity. Violations of § 336.12 shall be enforced by the appropriate Federal banking agency of the depository institution, depository institution holding company, or other company at which the violation occurred, as determined under section 10(k)(6), which may be an agency other than the FDIC.
(c) Scope of prohibition orders. Any senior examiner who is subject to an order issued under paragraph (a)(1) of this section shall, as required by 12 U.S.C. 1820(k)(6)(B), be subject to paragraphs (6) and (7) of section 8(e) in the same manner and to the same extent as a person subject to an order issued under section 8(e).
(d) Other penalties. The penalties set forth in paragraph (a) of this section are not exclusive, and a senior examiner who violates the restrictions in § 336.12 may also be subject to other administrative, civil, or criminal remedies or penalties as provided by law.
[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 336.13]
[Section 336.13 added at 70 Fed. Reg. 69640, November 17, 2005, effective December 17, 2005]