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Banks and Thrifts Report
Record Earnings in First Quarter of 2005
Commercial banks and savings institutions insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) reported net income of $34.3 billion for the first quarter of 2005, eclipsing the previous quarterly record of $32.4 billion set in the third quarter of 2004. First-quarter profits represented a 7.7-percent improvement over the industry's year-earlier results. The positive effects of reduced expenses for bad loans and the absence of significant merger-related costs were major factors in the industry's earnings surge -- enough to overcome the negative impact of a decline in net operating revenue (the sum of net interest income and total noninterest income).
"These record earnings once again underscore the fact that the industry's health is excellent," said FDIC Chairman Don Powell. "However, the lack of revenue growth shows that the industry faces challenges in sustaining a high level of performance."
Preliminary results for the first quarter are contained in the FDIC's latest Quarterly Banking Profile, which was released today. Among the major findings:
"The growth in deposits is an especially good sign for the banking industry," Chairman Powell added. "It shows that Americans appreciate the safety, the simplicity and the convenience of FDIC-insured deposits, because there are many other options available to them."
Due primarily to the increase in FDIC-insured deposits, the agency's Bank Insurance Fund (BIF) ended the quarter with a reserve ratio of 1.27 percent, compared to 1.30 percent at the end of 2004 and 1.32 percent a year ago. The reserve ratio of the Savings Association Insurance Fund (SAIF) declined from 1.34 percent to 1.32 percent during the quarter. A year ago, it was 1.36 percent.
The complete report is available on the FDIC Web site at http://www2.fdic.gov/qbp/index.asp.
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Congress created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in 1933 to restore public confidence in the nation's banking system. The FDIC insures deposits at the nation's 8,930 banks and savings associations and it promotes the safety and soundness of these institutions by identifying, monitoring and addressing risks to which they are exposed. The FDIC receives no federal tax dollars - insured financial institutions fund its operations.
FDIC press releases and other information are available on the Internet at www.fdic.gov, by subscription electronically (go to www.fdic.gov/about/subscriptions/index.html ) and may also be obtained through the FDIC's Public Information Center (877-275-3342 or (703) 562-2200).
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