Financial Institution Letters
|Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program
FDIC Board of Directors Adopts Final Rule
November 21, 2008
||On November 21, 2008, the FDIC adopted the attached Final Rule implementing the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (TLG Program) inaugurated October 14, 2008. The TLG Program consists of two basic components: a guarantee of newly issued senior unsecured debt of banks, thrifts, and certain holding companies (the debt guarantee program) and full guarantee of non-interest bearing deposit transaction accounts, such as business payroll accounts, regardless of dollar amount (the transaction account guarantee program). The purpose of the guarantee of transaction accounts and the debt guarantee is to reduce funding costs and allow banks and thrifts to increase lending to consumers and businesses. As the result of more than 700 comments received, the Final Rule makes several important improvements.
- The FDIC's obligation to pay on FDIC-guaranteed debt will be triggered by payment default, rather than bankruptcy or receivership, as provided in the Interim Rule. This change should improve the value of the guarantee and help institutions obtain funding.
- Short-term debt (30 days or less) has been eliminated from the debt guarantee program, but the limit on the amount of debt that the FDIC will guarantee, generally 125 percent of senior unsecured debt outstanding on September 30, 2008, will include short-term debt outstanding on that date.
- The fee under the debt guarantee program will depend upon maturity of the debt. The fee will be lower for shorter-term debt and higher for longer-term debt.
- By December 5, 2008, all eligible entities—all insured depository institutions and almost all holding companies—must take action with respect to both the transaction account guarantee program and the debt guarantee program.
Continuation of FIL-132-2008
All FDIC-Insured Institutions
Chief Executive Office
Chief Financial Officer
Final Rule 12 CFR Part 370 - PDF (PDF Help)
Election form and operational issues: Donna
Saulnier, Manager, Division of Finance, at 703-
Other questions: Munsell St. Clair, Section Chief,
Division of Insurance and Research, at 202-898-
FIL-132-2008 - PDF (PDF Help)
FDIC financial institution letters (FILs) may be
accessed from the FDIC's Web site at
To receive FILs electronically, please visit
Paper copies of FDIC financial institution letters
may be obtained through the FDIC's Public
Information Center, 3501 Fairfax Drive, E-1002,
Arlington, VA 22226 (1-877-275-3342 or 703-562-
Financial Institution Letters
November 21, 2008
Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program
FDIC Board of Directors Adopts Final Rule
On November 21, 2008, the FDIC adopted the attached Final Rule relating to the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (TLG Program). The TLG Program consists of two basic components:
A guarantee of newly issued senior unsecured debt of banks, thrifts, and certain holding companies (the debt guarantee program); and
Full coverage of non-interest bearing deposit transaction accounts, such as business payroll accounts, regardless of dollar amount (the transaction account guarantee program).
The TLG Program (and related government programs like the Troubled Assets Relief Program and the Commercial Paper Funding Facility) are designed to improve the functioning of credit markets and to strengthen capital in the financial system so that banks can continue to make prudent loans during these times of economic distress. The FDIC expects banks to use funds generated through these programs to begin lending again to consumers and businesses. It is critical that lending increase where credit has contracted, such as mortgage lending, consumer credit, and small business lending.
Eligible entities under the TLG Program include: (1) all FDIC-insured depository
institutions; (2) all United States bank holding companies, including
financial holding companies, and all United States savings and loan holding
that engage only in activities that are permissible for financial holding
companies under section 4(k) of the BHCA, 12 U.S.C. §1843(k), or have
at least one insured depository institution subsidiary that is the subject
of an application under section 4(c)(8) of the BHCA, 12 U.S.C. 1843(c)(8),
that was pending on October 13, 2008; and (3) any other affiliates of
insured depository institution that the FDIC designates, after written
request and positive recommendation by the appropriate Federal banking
an eligible entity. To be eligible under item two above, a bank holding
company or savings and loan holding company must have at least one chartered
and operating insured depository institution subsidiary.
Election form that all eligible entities must complete by December 5, 2008
November 24, 2008, the TLG Program Election Form will be available via
FDICconnect. All eligible entities must complete the Election Form on
or before December
5, 2008, to either opt-out of one or both components of the Program or,
for those entities remaining in the Program, to provide data to determine
each entity's debt guarantee limit, and agree to certain terms. Please
refer to FIL-125-2008 for more detailed instructions. Entities that remain
the debt guarantee program must also execute and transmit to the FDIC
a Master Agreement. Entities are encouraged to coordinate their election
with other members of their consolidated groups as all members of a holding
company must make the same election with respect to each component of
the TLG Program. A decision by one member of a group to opt-out will
be irrevocable and binding on all other group members.
The major changes from the Interim Rule to the Final Rule include:
- Guaranteeing the timely payment of principal and interest under the debt guarantee program.
Under the Interim Rule, the FDIC's guarantee under the debt guarantee program was triggered by receivership or bankruptcy. Under the Final Rule, the FDIC instead guarantees timely payment of principal and interest. This improvement in the guarantee, which was made in response to comments, should create significant investor demand, and dramatically reduce funding costs for eligible banks and holding companies.
In connection with this improvement in the guarantee, participating entities in the debt guarantee program must execute and file with the FDIC as part of its notification of participation in the Debt Guarantee Program a "Master Agreement," governing the guarantee.
- Revising the definition of senior unsecured debt.
The definition of senior unsecured debt now excludes any obligation with a stated maturity of 30 days or less. The guarantee on any previously issued guaranteed senior unsecured debt instrument issued with a stated maturity of 30 days or less will expire on the earlier of: (1) the date the issuer opts out (if it does), or (2) the maturity date of the instrument.
- Providing an alternative means for establishing a guarantee cap for eligible entities with no senior unsecured debt as of September 30, 2008.
If a participating entity that is an insured depository institution had no senior unsecured debt as of September 30, 2008, or had only federal funds, its debt guarantee limit is two percent of its total liabilities as of September 30, 2008.
- Combining debt guarantee limits of a participating insured depository institution and its parent holding company.
With proper written notice both to the FDIC and to its parent holding company, a participating insured depository institution may issue guaranteed debt in an amount equal to the institution's limit plus its holding company's limit, so long as the total guaranteed debt issued by the insured depository institution and its holding company does not exceed their combined debt guarantee limit.
- Revising the fee structure for the debt guarantee program as follows:
|For debt with a maturity of:
||The annualized assessment rate
(in basis points) is:
|180 days or less
|365 days or greater
However, the rates set forth above will be increased by 10 basis points for senior unsecured debt issued by a holding company or by a participating affiliate that is not an insured depository institution if, as of September 30, 2008, the assets of the holding company's combined depository institution subsidiaries constitute less than 50 percent of consolidated holding company assets.
- Approving trade confirmations as a sufficient form of written agreement for senior unsecured debt.
- Recognizing NOW accounts with low interest rates (0.5 percent or less) and IOLTAs as types of noninterest-bearing transaction accounts for purposes of the Transaction Account Guarantee Program.
- Prescribing more specific disclosures for both components of the TLG Program.
The Final Rule mandates that certain disclosures be made. The Final Rule includes specific mandatory language for debt issued under the debt guarantee program and sample language for both participants and non-participants under the transaction account guarantee program.
||Arthur J. Murton
Division of Insurance and Research